In the period of 1995 - 1999 the assistance was implemented within the framework of the UNFPA subregional programme for Central Asia. UNFPA supported development of a training curriculum on family planning, procurement of contraceptives and medical supplies, training of service providers, production of information and communication materials and advocacy. During these first years in Kazakhstan, UNFPA jointly with the United Nations Statistics Department provided technical assistance and supported the organization of Kazakhstan's first population census (in 1999), including the provision of technical expertise, training and data processing support.

The first full-fledged UNFPA-supported country programme, 2000-2004, shifted implementation towards national execution at all levels, given the availability of national expertise. UNFPA assistance has focused on strengthening national capacity for formulation of reproductive health policies and improved access to reproductive health information and services.

The second cycle of assistance was provided in the period of 2005-2009. The country Programme, which cost 3.1 million, sought to improve the reproductive health of the population and to address the linkages between population, sustainable development and poverty.

Over the years continuous UNFPA efforts resulted in adoption of legislation conducive to implementation of the programme of Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (1994) including the appropriate section of the "Code of Health of the Population and Healthcare system" (2009) and a number of resolutions of the government. Since 2000 UNFPA contributed to the development of 20 national-led analytical reports including Multi-Indicator Cluster Survey (2007), (reports on 1999 and 2009 population censuses), Report on Crude Mortality (2007), Reports on Millennium Development Goals (2002, 2005, 2007 and 2010) and to 39 clinical protocols to manage obstetrics and gynaecological conditions.